Research Papers

 

 

 

2020

SL.NO DETAILS
1 Foysal MJ, Fotedar R, Tay ACY and Gupta SK. 2020. Effects of long-term starvation on health indices, gut microbiota and innate immune response of fresh water crayfish, marron (Cherax cainii, Austin 2002). Aquaculture 514:734444.
2 Foysal MJ, Momtaz F, Kawsar AR, Rahman MM, Gupta SK and Tay ACY. 2020. Next generation sequencing reveals significant variations in bacterial compositions across the gastrointestinal tracts of the Indian major carps, rohu (Labeo rohita), catla (Catla catla) and mrigal (Cirrhinus cirrhosis). Letters in Applied Microbiology 70: 173-180.
3 Siddik MA, Chaklader MR, Foysal MJ, Howieson J, Fotedar R and Gupta SK. 2020. Influence of fish protein hydrolysate produced from industrial residues on antioxidant activity, cytokine expression and gut microbial communities in juvenile barramundi Lates calcarifer. Fish & Shellfish Immunology 97: 465-473.
4 Singh D, Singh CK, Tribuvan KU, Tyagi P, Taunk J, Tomar RS, Kumari S, Tripathi K, KumarA, Gaikwad K, Yadav RK and Pal M. 2020. Development, Characterization, and CrossSpecies/Genera Transferability of Novel ESTSSR Markers in Lentil, with Their Molecular Applications. Plant Molecular Biology Reporter 38: 114-129.
5 Verma SK, Nisha K, Panda PK, Patel P, Kumari P, Mallick MA, Sarkar B and Das B. 2020. Green synthesized MgO nanoparticles infer biocompatibility by reducing in vivo molecular nanotoxicity in embryonic zebrafish through arginine interaction elicited apoptosis. Science of the Total Environment 713: 136521

2019

SL.NO DETAILS
1 Ansari MA, Pandey A, Kumar S, Kumar A, Sangeeta M, Meitei ChB, Sharma SK, Roy SS, Das A, Mishra D, Singh IM and Prakash N. 2019.Evaluation of genetic variation in Perilla for agro-morphological and quality traits. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 89: 940-45.
2 Bhuria M, Goel P, Kumar S and Singh AK. 2019. Genome-wide identification and expression profiling of genes encoding universal stress proteins (USP) identify multi-stress responsive USP genes in Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant Physiology Reports 24: 434-45.
3 Chakrabarti A, Naskar S, Kumar PR, Yadav VK, Maurya S, Kumari S, Roy SK, Singh AK, Bhatt BP and Das B. 2019. Improving livelihood of farmers through introduction of parasitic control and mineral mixture supplementation in animal. Indian Farming 69: 27–29.
4 Chakraborty K, Bishi SK, Goswami N, Singh AL, Bhaduri D and Zala PV. 2019. Salinity induced changes in seed germination and the expression profile of antioxidant enzymes in peanut as early and late responses in emerging radicles. Acta Physiologiae Plantarum 41: 134.
5 Das A, Kumar K, Tribhuvan KU, Joshi R, Durgesh K, Gaikwad K. 2019. LEA Genes Play Important Role in Seed and Pod Development in Cajanus cajan. International Journal of Current Microbiogy and Applied Sciences 8: 716-726.
6 Das A, Nigam D, Junaid A, Tribhuvan KU, Kumar K, Durgesh K, Singh N K, Gaikwad K. 2019. Expressivity of the key genes associated with seed and pod development is highly regulated via lncRNAs and miRNAs in Pigeonpea. Scientific Reports 9(1): 18191
7 Foysal MJ, Fotedar R, Gupta SK and Chaklader MR 2019. Biological ball filters regulate bacterial communities in marron (Cherax cainii) culture system. Letters in Applied Microbiology 68: 455–463.
8 Foysal MJ, Fotedar R, Tay CY, Gupta SK 2019. Dietary supplementation of black soldier fly (Hermetica illucens) meal modulates gut microbiota, innate immune response and health status of marron (Cherax cainii, Austin 2002) fed poultry-by-product and fishmeal based diets. PeerJ 7: e6891DOI 10.7717/peerj.6891
9 Foysal MJ, Nguyen TTT, Chaklader MR, Siddik MAB, Tay CY, Fotedar R and Gupta SK. 2019. Marked variations in gut microbiota and some innate immune responses of fresh water crayfish, marron (Cherax cainii, Austin 2002) fed dietary supplementation of Clostridium butyricum. PeerJ 7: e7553.
10 Kaila T, Saxena S, Ramakrishna G, Tyagi A, Tribhuvan KU, Srivastava H, Sandhya, Chaudhury A, Singh NK, Gaikwad K. 2019. Comparative RNA editing profile of mitochondrial transcripts in cytoplasmic male sterile and fertile pigeonpea revealsignificant changes at the protein level. Molecular Biology Reports 46: 2067-2084.
11 Kumar N, Gupta SK, Bhushan S and Singh NP.2019. Impacts of acute toxicity of arsenic(III) alone and with high temperature on stress biomarkers, immunological status and cellular metabolism in fish. Aquatic Toxicology 214: 105233.
12 Kumar S, Pandey ID, Rather SA and Rewasia H. 2019.Genetic variability and inter traits association for cooking and micro-nutrient trait in advance lines of Kalanamak. The Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences 29: 467-475.
13 Mahadeva Swamy HK, Anila M, Kale RR, BhadanaVP, Anantha MS, Brajendra P, Harija SK, Balachiranjeevi CH, Laxmi Prasanna B, Pranathi K, Dilip T, Bhaskar S, Kumar VA, Kousik MBVN, Harika G, Swapnil K, Rekha G, Cheralu C, Gouri Shankar V, Reddy NS, Kumar S, Balachandran MS, Madhav MS, Kumar RM and Sundaram RM. 2019. Phenotypic and molecular characterization of rice germplasm lines and identification of novel source for low soil phosphorus tolerance in rice. Euphytica 215: 01-18
14 Mahatma MK, Thawait LK, Jadon KS, Rathod KJ, Sodha KH, Bishi SK, Thirumalaisamy PP and Golakiya BA. 2019. Distinguish metabolic profiles and defense enzymes in Alternaria leaf blight resistant and susceptible genotypes of groundnut. Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants 25: 1395-1405.
15 Saputra I, Foetdar R, Gupta SK, Siddik MAB and Foysal MJ 2019. Effects of different dietary protein sources on the immunological and physiological responses of marron, Cherax cainii (Austin and Ryan, 2002) and its susceptibility to high temperature exposure. Fish and Shellfish Immunology 88: 567-577.
16 Shafi A, Gill T, Zahoor I, Ahuja PS, Sreenivasulu Y, Kumar S and Singh AK. 2019. Ectopic expression of SOD and APX genes in Arabidopsis alters metabolic pools and genes related to secondary cell wall cellulose biosynthesis and improve salt tolerance. Molecular Biology Reports 46: 1985-2002.
17 Shafi A, Zahoor I, Gill T, Ahuja PS, Kumar S and Singh AK. 2019. Ectopic co-expression of the SOD and APX genes enhanced callus growth and in vitro regeneration in Arabidopsis. Plant Biotechnology Reports 13:273-283.
18 Sharma V, Goel P, Kumar S and Singh AK. 2019. An apple transcription factor, MdDREB76, confers salt and drought tolerance in transgenic tobacco by activating the expression of stress-responsive genes. Plant Cell Reports 38: 221-41.
19 Singh BK, Singh SP, Shekhawat K, Rathore SS, Pandey A, Kumar S, Singh DK, Choudhry SB, Kumar S and Singh D. 2019. Comparative analysis for understanding salinity tolerance mechanism in Indian Mustard (Brassica juncea ) Acta Physiologiae Plantarum 41:104.
20 Sujatha TP, Singh BK, Bhadana VP and Sharma TR. 2019. CRISPR-Cas9: Editing the entangled patent dispute. Acta Scientific Agriculture 3: 63.
21 Tribhuvan KU, Mithra ASV, Sharma P, Das A, Kumar K, Tyagi A, Solanke AU, Sandhya, Sharma R, Jadhav PV, Raveendran M, Fakrudin B, Sharma TR, Singh NK and Gaikwad K. 2019. Identification of genomic SSRs in cluster bean (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba) and demonstration of their utility in genetic diversity analysis. Industrial Crops and Products 133: 221-231
22 Verma VK, Pandey A, Baiswar P and Jha AK. 2019. Molecular characterisation of eggplant and related species: stability analysis for yield and reaction to bacterial wilt under the humid subtropics of North Eastern India. The Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology 94: 761–776.
23 Yadav VK, Kumar N, Singh AK, Chakrabarti A, Bhadana VP and Sarkar PK. 2019. Knowledge level of farmers and scientists about agricultural biotechnology in Jharkhand. International Journal of Chemical Studies SP6:703-706.

2018

SL.NO DETAILS
1 Agalwe SB, Bangle U, Rama Devi SJS, Balija V, Bhadana VP, Kumar S, Prasad MS and Madhav MS. 2018. Characterization of Akhanphou, anunique landrace from north east India and its RILs population for rice leaf and neck blast resistance. Current Trends in Biotechnology and Pharmacy 12: 118-127.
2 Anila M, Mahadeva Swamy HK, Kale RR, Bhadana VP, Anantha MS, Hajira SK, Balachiranjeevi CH, Ayyappa Dass M, Bhaskar S, Dilip T, Pranathi K, Kousik MBVN, Harika G, Swapnil K, Chaitra K, Laxmi Prasanna B, Punniakotti E, Sinha P, Rekha G, Kumar VA, Balachandran SM, Madhav MS, Giri A, Viraktamath BC and Sundaram RM. 2018. Breeding lines of the Indian mega-rice variety, MTU 1010, possessing protein kinase OsPSTOL (Pup1), show better root system architecture and higher yield in soils with low phosphorus. Molecular Breeding 38: 147.
3 Balachiranjeevi CH, Naik B, Kumar A, Harika G, Mahadev Swamy HK, Hajira SK, Kumar D, Anila M, Kale RR, Yugender A, Pranathi K, Koushik MBVN, Suneetha K, Bhadana VP, Hariprasad AS, Laha GS, Rekha G, Balachandran SM, Madhav MS, Senguttuvel P, Fiyaz AR, Viraktamath BC, Giri A, Swamy BPM, Ali J and Sundaram RM. 2018. Marker assisted pyramiding of two major, broad spectrum bacterial blight resistance genes, Xa21 and Xa33 into an elite maintainer line of rice, DRR17B. PLoS One 13: e0201271.
4 Bhuvaneswari S, Singh IM, Kumar S, Singh S, Leeda Mosang TS, Sharma SK, Singh G and Prakash N. 2018. On-Farm Multilocation Adaptability Trial of Promising Rice Genotypes across Manipur. Indian Journal of Hill Farming 31(1): 165-167.
5 Chakraborty K, Bishi SK, Singh AL, Zala PV, Mahatma MK, Kalariya KA and Jat RA. 2018. Rapid induction of small heat shock proteins improves physiological adaptation to high temperature stress in peanut. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science 204: 285-297.
6 Chandra S, Patiyal RS, Gupta SK and Sarma D 2018. Study on age dependent breeding performance of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss, Walbaum,1792). Journal of Cold Water Fisheries 1: 125-128.
7 Devi YS, Pandey A, Kumar A, Ansari MA, Tyagi W, Rai M and Das A. 2018. Genetic divergence, path coefficient and cluster analysis of rice bean (Vigna umbellata) genotypes in the mid-altitudes of Meghalaya. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 88: 1054-1062.
8 Dutt S, Kirti S, Vaidya T, Parkash J, Kashyap S, Sharma N and Singh AK. 2018. External application of NADPH enhances biomass accumulation, seed germination and modulates expression of oxidative pentose phosphate pathway genes in Arabidopsis. Indian Journal of Plant Physiology 23:748-59.
9 Dutta SS, Tyagi W, Pale G, Pohlong J, Aochen C, Pandey A, Pattanayak A and Rai M. 2018. Marker trait association for low light intensity tolerance in rice genotypes from Eastern India. Molecular Genetics and Genomics 293: 1493-1506.
10 Goel P, Sharma NK, Bhuria M, Sharma V, Chauhan R, Pathania S, Swarnkar MK, Chawla V, Acharya V, Shankar R and Singh AK. 2018. Transcriptome and co-expression network analyses identify key genes regulating nitrogen use efficiency in Brassica juncea Scientific Reports 8: 7451.
11 Gokuldas PP, Singh SK, Tamuli MK, Naskar S, Vashi Y, Thomas R, Barman K, Pegu SR, Sharma CG and Agarwal SK. 2018. Dietary supplementation ofn-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid alters endometrial expression of genes involved in prostaglandin biosynthetic pathway in breeding sows (Sus scrofa). Theriogenology 110: 201-208.
12 Gupta BK, Sahoo KK, Ghosh A, Tripathi AK, AnwarK, Das P, Singh AK, Pareek A, Sopory S K and Singla-Pareek SL. 2018. Manipulation of glyoxalase pathway confers tolerance to multiple stresses in rice. Plant, Cell & Environment 41: 1186-1200.
13 Gupta SK, B. Sarkar, S. Bhattacharjee, Neeraj Kumar, S. Naskar, Kiran Babu Uppuluri 2018. Modulation of cytokine expression by dietary levan in the pathogen aggravated rohu, Labeo rohita Aquaculture 495: 496–505.
14 Gupta SK, Sarkar B, Bhattacharjee S, Kumar N, Naskar S and Uppuluri KB. 2018. Modulation of cytokine expression by dietary levan in the pathogen aggravated rohu, Labeo rohita Aquaculture 495: 496-505.
15 Kumar A, Imran M, Kumar SPJ, Kumar M, Singh AN and Srivastava AK 2018. Assessment of soil urease activity and its kinetic parameters in chilli rhizosphere under the influence of pesticides. Biopesticides International 14: 47-57.
16 Kumar N, Krishnani KK, Gupta SK and Singh NP. 2018. Effects of silver nanoparticles on stress biomarkers of Channa striatus: immuno-protective or toxic? Environmental Science and Pollution Research 25: 14813-14826.
17 Mahatma MK, Bishi SK, Golakiya BA, Jadav JK, Jadon KS, Khatediya N, Thawait LK, Thirumalaisamy PP. 2018. Metabolic profiles of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea ) genotypes differing in Sclerotium rolfsii reaction. European Journal of Plant Pathology 151: 463-474.
18 Padmavathi G, Satyanarayana PV, Vasantha BhanuK, Jhansi Lakshmi V, Bhadana VP, Sheshu Madhav M and Ravindra Babu V. 2018. RP 5448-RIL-501(IC0617119; INGR16001), a rice (Oryza sativa) germplasm with novel dual donor for resistance to both Brown Plant Hopper (BPH) and White Backed Plant Hopper (WBPH) possesses resistance at vegetative and reproductive stages. Indian Journal of Plant Genetic Resources, 31: 101-102.
19 Pham HD, Siddik MAB, Fotedar R, Nguyen CM, Nahar A and Gupta SK Total bioavailable organic selenium in fishmeal-based diet influences growth and physiology of juvenile Cobia Rachycentron canadum (Linnaeus, 1766). Biological Trace Element Research 190: 541–549.
20 Sarkar B, Verma SK, Akhtar J, Netam SP, Gupta SK, Panda PK and Mukherjee K. 2018. Molecular aspect of silver nanoparticles regulated embryonic development in Zebrafish (Danio rerio) by Oct-4expression. Chemosphere 206: 560-567.
21 Sarkar B, Verma SK, Akhtar J, Netam SP, Gupta, SK, Panda PM and Mukherjee K. 2018. Molecular aspect of silver nanoparticles regulated embryonic development in zebrafish (Danio rerio) by Oct-4 Chemosphere 206: 560-567.
22 Sheshu Madhav M, Aglawe SB, Bangale U, Devi SJSR, Balija V, Bhadana VP, Sharma SK, Kumar S and Prasad MS. 2018. Characterization of Akhanaphou, an unique landrace from North-East India and its RIL population for rice leaf and neck blast resistance. Current Trends in Biotechnology and Pharmacy 12: 118-127.
23 Sikendra K, Prakash C, Chadha NK, Gupta SK, Kalaiselvan K, Jain P and Pandey PK 2018. E_ectsof dietary Alginic Acid on growth and Haemato-Immunological responses of Cirrhinus mrigala (Hamilton, 1822) fingerlings. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 19: 373-382.
24 Singh BK, Choudhary SB, Yadav S, Malhotra EV, Rani R, Ambawat S, Priyamedha, Pandey A, KumarR, Kumar S, Sharma HK, Singh DK and Rai PK. 2018. Genetic structure identification and assessment of interrelationships between Brassica and allied genera using newly developed genic-SSRs of Indian Mustard (Brassica juncea ). Industrial Crops and Products 113: 111-120.
25 Sinha R, Pal AK and Singh AK. 2018. Physiological, biochemical and molecular responses of lentil (Lensculinaris ) genotypes under drought stress. Indian Journal of Plant Physiology 23: 772-84.
26 Sinha R, Sharma TR and Singh AK. 2018. Validation of reference genes for qRT-PCR data normalization in lentil (Lens culinaris) under leaf developmental stages and abiotic stresses. Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants 25: 123-34.
27 Vashi Y, Naskar S, Chutia T, Banik S, Singh AK, Goswami J and Sejian V. 2018. Comparative assessment of native, crossbred and exotic pigs during different seasons (winter, spring and summer) based on rhythmic changes in the levels of serum cortisol, lactate dehydrogenase levels and PBMC HSP70 mRNA expression pattern. Biological Rhythm Research 49: 725-734.
28 Vashi Y, Naskar S, Chutia T, Banik S, Singha AK, Goswami J and Sejian V. 2018. Comparative assessment of native, crossbred and exotic pigs during different seasons (winter, spring and summer) based on rhythmic changes in the levels of serum cortisol, lactate dehydrogenase levels and PBMC HSP70 mRNA expression pattern. Biological Rhythm Research https://doi.org/10.1080/09291016.2017.1410019.
29 Yugandhar P, Nallamothu V, Panigrahy M, Tipireddy S, Bhadana VP, Voleti SR, Desiraju S, Mangrauthia SK and Neelamraju S. 2018. Nagina 22mutants tolerant or sensitive to low P in field show contrasting response to double P in hydroponic sand pots. Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science 64: 1975-1987.

2017

SL.NO DETAILS
1 Aglawe SB, Umakanth B, Rama Devi SJS, Vishalakshi B, Bhadana VP, Sharma SK, Sharma PK Kumar S, Prasad MS, Madhav MS. (2017) Identification of novel QTLs conferring field resistance for rice leaf and neck blast from an unique landrace of India. Gene Reports. 7: 35-42.
2 Badri J, Dey S, Prakasam V, Nymagoud S, Priyanka C, Shaik H, Sundaram RM, Sheshu Madhav M, EswariKB, Bhadana VP, Ram T, Subba Rao LV. 2017. Allelic variation of sheath blight QTLs among genotypes promising for sheath blight tolerance. Journal of Rice Research 10(1): 36-39.
3 Bangale U, Balija V, Kumar PS, Devi SJS, Bhadana VP, Senguttuvel P, Kumar S, Sharma SK, Sharma PK, Prasad MS and Madhav MS. 2017. Diverse rice landraces of north-east India enables the identification of novel genetic resources for Magnaporthe Frontiers in Plant Science 8: 01-13.
4 Chahota RK, Sharma V, Ghani M, Sharma TR, Rana JCand Sharma SK. 2017. Genetic and phyto chemical diversity analysis in Bunium persicum populations of northwestern Himalaya. Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants 23: 429-441.
5 Chahota RK, Shikha D, Rana M, Sharma V, Nag A, Sharma TR, Rana JC, Hirakawa H and Isobe SN. 2017. Development and characterization of SSR markers to study genetic diversity and population structure of horse gram germplasm (Macrotyloma uniflorum). Plant Molecular Biology Reporter 35: 550-561.
6 Chakraborty A, Baruah A, Sarmah BC, Goswami J, Bora A, Dutta DJ, Biswas RK, Kalita D, NaskarS, Vashi Y and Phangchopi D. 2017. Enzymatic response to antioxidants and seasonal stress. Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology 22: 1-5.
7 Chakraborty A, Baruah A, Sarmah BC, Goswami J, Bora A, Dutta DJ, Biswas RK, Kalita D, NaskarS, Vashi Y and Phangchopi D. 2017. Physiological responses in pigs on antioxidant supplementation during summer and winter. Indian Journal of Animal Research DOI: 10.18805/ijar. B-3401.
8 Chakraborty A, Baruah A, Sarmah BC, GoswamiJ, Bora A, Dutta DJ, Biswas RK, Kalita D, Naskar S, Vashi Y and Phangchopi D. 2017. Thyroid response to temperature humidity index in crossbred pigs supplemented with antioxidants during summer and winter season. Advances in Animal and Veterinary Sciences 5(6): 271-275.
9 Devi EL, Devi Ch P, Kumar S, Sharma SK, Beemrotea A, Chongtham SK, Singh Ch P, Tania Ch, Singh TB, Ningombama A, Akoijama R, Singh IM, Singh YR, Monteshori S, Omitta Y, Prakash N and Ngachan SV. 2017. Marker assisted selection (MAS) towards generating stress tolerant crop plants. Plant Gene 11: 205–218.
10 Dutta SS, Pale G, Pattanayak A, Aochen C, PandeyA and M Rai. 2017. Effect of low light intensity on key traits and genotypes of hilly rice (Oryza sativa) germplasm. Journal of Experimental Biology and Agricultural Sciences 5: 463-471.
11 Gahtyari NC, Patel PI, Choudhary R, Kumar S, Kumar N and Jaiswal JP. 2017. Combining ability studies for yield, associated traits and quality attributes in rice for South Gujarat (Oryza sativa ). Journal of Applied and Natural Science 9 (1): 60–67.
12 Ghosh J, Lohot VD, Ghosal S, Singhal V, Sinha NK (2017). Drought resilient Flemingia semialata for improving lac productivity in drought prone ecologies. Ind J Genet 77(1):153-159.
13 Gupta S, Santra L, Naskar S, Maurya SK, RanaM, Ghosh J and Dhara SK. 2017. Heterologous expression of porcine elongase 6 (ELOVL6) gene in a human cell line. Indian Journal of Medical Research 145: 563-568.
14 Harsha, Deo I, Kumar S and Tallah Md. 2017. Assessment of genetic variability and intercharacter association studies in rice genotypes (Oryza sativa ). International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences 6: 2041-2046.
15 Jha R, Bohra A, Jha U, Rana M, Chahota RK, Kumar Sand Sharma TR. 2017. Analysis of an intraspecific RIL population uncovers genomic segments harbouring multiple QTL for seed relevant traits in lentil (Lens culinaris ). Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants 23: 675–684.
16 Kaldate R, Rana M, Sharma V, Hirakawa H, Kumar R, Singh G, Chahota RK, Isobe SN and Sharma TR.2017. Development of genome-wide SSR markersin horse gram and their use for genetic diversity and cross-transferability analysis. Molecular Breeding 37: 103. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11032-017-0701-1
17 Kaushik P, Banik S, Naskar S, Barman K, Das AK, Sarma DK (2017). Effect of different genetic and non-genetic factors on pre weaning litter and growth performance of pigs. Ind J Animal Res 51(1):179-181.
18 Kaushik P, Naskar S, Handique PJ, Rahaman H and Sarma DK. 2017. Genetic polymorphism of growth hormone releasing hormone gene in exotic and crossbred pigs. Indian Journal of Animal Research 51: 231-234.
19 Kaushik P, Naskar S, Handique PJ, Rahaman H, Sarma DK (2017). Genetic polymorphism of growth hormone releasing hormone gene in exotic and crossbred pigs. Ind J Animal Res 51: 231-234.
20 Koul PM, Sharma V, Rana M, Chahota RK, Kumar S and Sharma TR. 2017. Genetic structure and interrelationships in lentil species using morphological and SSR markers. 3Biotech 7: 83.
21 Kumar G, Gupta K, Pathania S, Swarnkar MK, Rattan UK, Singh G, Sharma RK, Singh AK (2017). Chilling affects phytohormone and post-embryonic development pathways during bud break and fruit set in apple (Malus domestica ). Scientific Reports 7:42593.
22 Kumar N, Krishnani KK, Brahmane MP, Gupta SK,Kumar P and Singh NP. 2017. Temperature induces lead toxicity in Pangasius hypophthalmus: An acutetest, antioxidative status and cellular metabolic stress. International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology 15: 57-68.
23 Kumar N, Krishnani KK, Gupta SK and Singh NP. 2017. Selenium nanoparticles enhanced thermal tolerance and maintained cellular stress protection of Pangasius hypophthalmus reared under lead and high temperature. Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology 246: 107-116.
24 Kumar N, Krishnani KK, Meena KK, Gupta SK, Singh NP (2017). Cellular stress and histopathological tools used as biomarkers in Oreochromis mossambicus for assessing metal Environ Toxicol Pharmacol 49: 137–147.
25 Kumar N, Kumar P, Jha AK, Gupta SK, Singh NP (2017). Dietary zinc promotes immunobiochemical plasticity and protects fish against multiple stresses. Fish shell Fish Immunol 62: 184-194.
26 Kumar S, Bhuvaneswari S, Devi EL, Sharma SK, Ansari MA, Singh IM, Singh YR and Prakash N. 2017. Estimation of genetic variability, correlation and path analysis in short duration Rice Genotypes of Manipur. Journal of AgriSearch 4: 112-118.
27 Kumar S, Devi EL, Sharma SK, Ansari MA, Phurailatpam S, Chanu Ng T, Singh TS, Prakash N, Kumawat N, Mandal D and Kumar A. 2017. Rice breeding strategies of North Eastern India for resilience to biotic and abiotic stresses: A review. Oryza 54: 1-12.
28 Kumar S, Kumar A, Pandey A, Pattanayak A, SinghJ, Singh IM, Prakash N and Bhagawati R, NgachanS. 2017. Genotype x environment interaction, adaptability and yield stability of rice genotypes of north east India. Vegetos 30: 52-57.
29 Labh SN, Shakya SR, Gupta SK, Kumar N, Kayastha BL (2017). Effects of lapsi fruits (Choerospondias axillaris Roxburgh, 1832) on immunity and survival of juvenile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus Linnaeus, 1758) infected with Aeromonas hydrophila. Int J Fish Aquatic Stud 5(2): 571-577.
30 Mohapatra S, Mohanta PR, Sarkar B, Daware A, Kumar C and Samantaray DP. 2017. Production of polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) by Bacillus strain isolated from waste water and its biochemical characterization. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, India, Section B: Biological Sciences 87: 459–466.
31 Mohapatra S, Sarkar B, Samantaray DP, Daware A, Maity S, Pattnaik S, Bhattacharjee S (2017). Bioconversion of fish solid waste into PHB using Bacillus subtilis based submerged fermentation process. Environ Technol 38: 3201-3208
32 Paria A, Deepika A, Sreedharan K, Makesh M, Chaudhari A, Purushothaman CS, Rajendran KV (2017). Identification, ontogeny and expression analysis of a novel laboratory of genetics and physiology 2 (LGP2) transcript in Asian seabass, Lates calcarifer. Fish & Shellfish Immunology 62: 265-275.
33 Rather S, Pandey ID, Panda GS and Kumar S. 2017. Relative efficiency of different emasculation methods in rice (Oryza sativa ). Environment &Ecology 35: 2205-2208.
34 Santra L, Gupta S, Kannan S, Singh AK, Ravi Kumar GVPPS, Naskar S, Ghosh J, Dhara SK (2017). Long bones, a slaughterhouse by-product, may serve as an excellent source for mesenchymal stem cells. Indian Journal of Animal Sciences 87(1):53–58.
35 Sarkar B, Daware A, Gupta P, Krishnani KK, Barua S and Bhattacharjee S. 2017. Nanoscale wide band semiconductor for remediating aquatic pollution. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 24: 25775-25797.
36 Sengar N, Dutta MK and Sarkar B. 2017. Computer vision based technique for identification of fish quality after pesticide exposure. International Journal of Food Properties 20: 2192-2206.
37 Shafi A, Pal AK, Sharma V, Kalia S, Kumar S, Ahuja PS and Singh AK. 2017. Transgenic potato plants overexpressing SOD and APX exhibit enhanced lignification and starch biosynthesis with improved salt stress tolerance. Plant Molecular Biology Reporter 35: 504–518.
38 Sharma P, Sirhindi G, Singh AK, Kaur H and Mushtaq R. 2017. Consequences of copper treatment on pigeon pea photosynthesis, osmolytes and antioxindants defense. Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants 23: 809-816.
39 Singh AK, Naskar S, Saikia B, Vashi Y, Gupta S, Banik S, Tamuli MK, Pande V, Sarma DK, Dhara SK (2017). Effect of testicular tissue lysate on developmental competence of porcine oocytes matured and fertilized in vitro. Reproduction in Domestic Animal 52(2):183-188.
40 Singh AK, Naskar S, Saikia B, Vashi Y, Gupta S, Banik S, Tamuli MK, Pande V, Sarma DK, Dhara SK. 2017.Effect of testicular tissue lysate on developmental competence of porcine oocytes matured and fertilized in vitro. Reproduction in Domestic Animals 52: 183-188.
41 Singh G, Singh G, Singh P, Parmar R, Paul N, Vashist R, Swarnkar MK, Kumar A, Singh S, Singh AK, Kumar S and Sharma RK. 2017. Molecular dissection of transcriptional reprogramming of steviol glycosides synthesis in leaf tissue during developmental phase transitions in Stevia rebaudiana Scientific Reports 7: 11835.
42 Singh I, Smita S, Mishra DC, Kumar S, Singh BK and Rai A. 2017. Abiotic stress responsive miRNA target network and related markers (SNP, SSR) in Brassica juncea. Frontiers in Plant Science 8: 1943.
43 Sinha NK, Bhadana VP, Meena SR, Giri SP, Brajendra. 2017. Seed dormancy its alleviation and importance in agriculture. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry 6: 333-334.
44 Sinha NK, Ghosh J, Lohot VD, Monobrullah Md, Bhadana VP and Brajendra. 2017. Enhancement in seed set and seed yield in Flemingia semialata by using plant growth regulators. Progressive Research – An International Journal 11: 644-648.
45 Soni SK, Yadav VK, Bhadana VP, Yadav MC and Sundaram RM. 2017. Prediction of heterosis using hypervariable microsatellite markers in tropical japonica × indica rice hybrids. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences 6(10):1419-1427.
46 Sreedharan K, Deepika A, Paria A, Suresh Babu PP, Makesh M, Rajendran KV (2017). Ontogeny and expression analysis of tube (interleukin-1 receptor-associated kinase-4 homolog) from Penaeus monodon in response to white spot syndrome virus infection and on exposure to ligands. Agri Gene 3:21–31.
47 Tanmoy GC, Vinay TN, Gita S, Anutosh P, Janmejay P (2017). Advances in bacteriophage therapy for bacterial disease control in aquaculture. Reviews in Fisheries Science & Aquaculture 25(2):113-125.
48 Verma VK, Pandey A, Jha AK and Ngachan SV. 2017.Genetic characterization of chayote [Sechium edule (Jacq.) Swartz.] landraces of North Eastern Hills of India and conservation measure. Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants 23: 911-924.
49 Veronica N, Subrahmanyam D, Kiran TV, Yugandhar P, Bhadana VP, Padma V, Jayasree G, Voleti SR (2017). Influence of low phosphorus concentration on leaf photosynthetic characteristics and antioxidant response of rice genotypes. Photosynthetica 55: 285-293.
50 Vinay TN, Shreelatha Bhat, Tanmoy GC, Anutosh P, Jung MH, Girisha SK, Jung SJ (2017). Recent advances in application of nanoparticles in fish vaccine delivery. Reviews in Fisheries Science & Aquaculture. (DOI: 10.1080/23308249.2017.1334625).

2016

SL.NO DETAILS
1 Bhattacharjee S, Sarkar B, Sharma AR, Gupta P, Sharma G, Chakraborty C, Lee S (2016). Formulation and application of biodegradable nanoparticles based biopharmaceutical delivery-an efficient delivery system. Current Pharmaceutical design. 22: 3020-3033
2 Bhuria M, Goel P, Kumar S, Singh AK (2016). The promoter of AtUSP is co-regulated by phytohormones and abiotic stresses in Arabidopsis thaliana. Frontiers in Plant Science 7:1957.
3 Dey S, Badri J, Prakasam V, Bhadana VP, Eswari KB, Laha GS, Priyanka C, Rajkumar A & Ram T. 2016. Identification and agro-morphological characterization of rice genotypes resistant to sheath blight. Australas Plant Pathol 45: 145–153 (DOI: 10.1007/s13313-016-0404-9)
4 Dey S, Badri J, Prakasam V, Bhadana VP, Eswari KB, Laha GS, Priyanka C, Rajkumar A, Ram T (2016). Identification and agro-morphological characterization of rice genotypes resistant to sheath blight. Australasian Plant Pathology. 45: 145-153.
5 Dhar H, Swarnkar MK, Rana A, Kaushal K, Singh AK, Kasana RC & Gulati A. 2016. Complete genome sequence of a low temperature active and alkaline stable endoglucanase-producing Paenibacillus sp. Strain IHB B 3084 from the Indian Trans-Himalayas. J Biotechnol 230: 1-2.
6 Dhar H, Swarnkar MK, Rana A, Kaushal K, Singh AK, Kasana RC, Gulati A (2016). Complete genome sequence of a low temperature active and alkaline stable endoglucanase-producing Paenibacillus Strain IHB B 3084 from the Indian Trans-Himalayas. J Biotechnol 230:1-2.
7 Goel P, Bhuria M, Kaushal M, Singh AK (2016). Carbon: Nitrogen interaction regulates expression of genes involved in N-uptake and assimilation in Brassica juncea PLoS One 11(9): e0163061.
8 Jayaswal K, Mahajan P, Singh G, Parmar R, Seth R, Raina A, Swarnkar MK, Singh AK, Shankar R, Sharma RK (2016). Transcriptome analysis reveals candidate genes involved in blister blight defense in Tea (Camellia sinensis ) Kuntze). Sci Rep 6: 30412.
9 Kumar G, Arya P, Gupta K, Randhawa V, Acharya V & Singh AK. 2016. Comparative phylogenetic analysis and transcriptional profiling of MADS-box gene family identified DAM and FLC-like genes in apple (Malus x domestica). Sci Rep 6: 20695 (DOI:10.1038/srep20695)
10 Kumar G, Rattan UK & Singh AK. 2016. Chilling-mediated DNA methylation changes during dormancy and its release reveal the importance of epigenetic regulation during winter dormancy in apple (Malus x domestica ). PLoS One 11(2): e0149934.
11 Kumar N, Ambasankar K, Krishnan KK, Gupta SK, Minhas PS (2016). Dietary pyridoxine promotes growth and cellular metabolic plasticity of Chanos chanos fingerlings exposed to endosulfan induced Aquaculture Research doi:10.1111/are.13042.
12 Kumar N, Krishnani KK, Meena KK, Gupta SK, Singh NP (2016). Oxidative and cellular metabolic stress of Oreochromis mossambicus as biomarkers indicators of trace element contaminants. Chemosphere 171: 265-274.
13 Kumar R, Singh D, Swarnkar MK, Singh AK & Kumar S. 2016. Complete genome sequence of Arthrobacter alpinus ERGS4:06, a yellow pigmented bacterium tolerant to cold and radiations isolated from Sikkim Himalaya. J Biotechnol DOI:10.1016/j.jbiotec.2016.01.016)
14 Kumar R, Soni M, Mondal KK (2016). XopN-T3SS effector of Xanthomonas axonopodis punicae localizes to the plasma membrane and modulates ROS accumulation events during blight pathogenesis in pomegranate. Microbiol Res 193:111–120.
15 Naskar S, Borah S, Vashi Y, Thomas R, Sarma DK, Goswami J, Dhara SK (2016). Steroid and metabolic hormonal profile of porcine serum vis-à-vis ovarian follicular fluid. Vet World 9(11): 1320-1323.
16 Paria A, Deepika A, Sreedharan K, Makesh M, Chaudhari A, Purushothaman CS, Thirunavukkarasu AR, Rajendran KV (2016). Identification of Nod like receptor C3 (NLRC3) in Asian seabass, Lates calcarifer: Characterisation, ontogeny and expression analysis after experimental infection and ligand stimulation. Fish & Shellfish Immunology 55:602-612.
17 Paria A, Dong J, Suresh Babu PP, Makesh M, Chaudhari A, Thirunavukkarasu AR, Purushothaman CS, Rajendran KV (2016). Evaluation of candidate reference genes for quantitative expression studies in Asian seabass (Lates calcarifer); during ontogenesis and in tissues of healthy and infected fishes. Ind J Exp Biol 54:597-605.
18 Patel H, Brajendra, Bhadana VP, Kota S, Mahadevaswamy, Patel R, Paikara MP, Chand G & Mishra VN. 2016. Phosphorous acquisition by rice. Asian Journal of Bio science 11: 206-211.
19 Patel H, Brajendra, Mishra VN, Bhadana VP (2016). Studies on phenological characters and yield attributes of rice genotypes at graded levels of phosphorus. Int J Plant Sci 11:198-202
20 Priyanka G, Senguttuvel P, Sujatha M, Sravanraju N, Beulah P, Naganna P, Revathi P, Kemparaju KB, Hari Prasad AS, Suneetha K, Brajendra, Sreedevi B, Bhadana VP, Sundaram RM, MadhavS, Subbarao LV, Padmavathi G, Rao S, Kumar RM, Subrahmanyam D, Ravindrababu V (2016) Correlation between traits and path analysis co-efficient for grain yield and other components in direct seeded aerobic rice (Oryza sativa ). Adv Res J Crop Impr 7: 40-45.
21 Sahoo L, Choudhury TG, Debnath C, Parhi J, Datta M, Purusothamman CS & Paniprasad K. 2016. Immuno-stimulatory effect of vitamin C on hemato-biochemical parameters of Labeo bata (Ham.) avital cultured fish of Tripura. Fish Technol 53: 59 – 63.
22 Sahoo NR, Naskar S, Banik S, Pankaj PK (2016). Microsatellite based diversity analysis of native pigs of north-eastern India. Indian Journal of Animal Research 50(6):831-838.
23 Senguttuvel P, Raju NS, Padmavathi G, Sundaram RM, Madhav S, Hariprasad AS, Kota S, Bhadana VP, Subrahmanyam D, Subbarao LV, Ravindrababu V (2016). Identification and quantification of salinity tolerance through salt stress indices and variability studies in rice (Oryza sativa ). SABRAO Journal of Breeding & Genetics. 48: 172-179.
24 Singh BK, Mishra DC, Yadav S, Ambawat S, Vaidya E, Kishor U, Kumar A, Kumar S, Kumar S, Chaturvedi KK, Rani R, Yadav P, Rai A, Rai PK, Singh VV & Singh D. 2016. Identification, characterization, validation and cross-species amplification of genic-SSRs in Indian Mustard (Brassica juncea). J Plant Biochem Biotechnol 25-410-420.
25 Sinha NK, Bhadana VP, Meena SR, Singh, D, Roy DK, Pandey DN (2016). Eco-friendly management of Parthenium hysterophorus by the application of leaf residue of Xanthium strumarium. Progressive Research 11: 2615-2617.
26 Sinha NK, Bhadana, VP, Singh, BK and Brajendra P (2016). Screening of phosphorus efficient and/or low pH resistant rice grown under elevated acidity. Progressive Research 11: 644-648.
27 Sinha NK, BhadanaVP, Meena SR, Singh, D, Roy DK, Pandey DN (2016). Physiological studies on the effect of herbicides on growth, nodulation, and grain yield of green gram (Vigna radiata Wilczek). Progressive Research 11: 2730-2733.
28 Soni SK, Yadav VK, Bhadana VP, Yadav MC, Sundaram RM (2016). A quantitative assay for fatty acid composition of castor seed in different developmental stages. Molecular Plant Breeding 7:1-12.
29 Srikanth S, Pandey M, Chiranjeevi CB, Hajira SK, Kumar SV, Kousik MBVN, Bhadana VP, Madhav MS, Suneetha K, Subbarao LV, Kumaraswamy M, Giri A, Laxmi Narasu B, Shobha Rani N, Sundaram RM (2016). Introgression of major bacterial blight and blast resistant genes into vallabh basmati 22, an elite basmati variety. International Journal of Development Research 6: 8366-8370.
30 Srikanth S, Pandey M, Kousik MBVN, Kumar SV, Chiranjeevi CB, Hajira SK, Bhadana VP, Madhav SM, Suneetha K, Subbarao LV, Giri A, Rani NS, Sundaram RM (2016). Marker assisted improvement of the elite basmati variety, IET 18006 for Resistance against bacterial blight and blast. International Journal of Current Research 8: 33827-33830.
31 Vinay TN, Girisha SK, Roshan D’Souza, Jung MH, Tanmoy GC, Patil SS (2016). Bacterial biofilms as oral vaccine candidates in aquaculture. Indian Journal of Comparative Microbiology immunology and Infectious Diseases 37(2): 57-62.
32 Vinay TN, Park CS, Jung SJ (2016). Evaluation of side effects of adjuvant viral hemorrhagic septicaemia vaccines following intra-peritoneal administration to Olive flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus). Indian Journal of Comparative Microbiology, Immunology and Infectious Diseases 37(1): 19-23.

2015

SL.NO DETAILS
1 Arora K, Rai AK, Gupta SK, Singh PK, Narula A & Sharma TR. (2015) Phenotypic expression of blast resistance gene Pi54 is not affected by its chromosomal position. Plant Cell Rep 34:63 – 70.
2 Choudhury TG, Singh SK, Baruah A, Das A, Parhi J, Bhattacharjee P & Biswas P. (2015). Reproductive features of Puntius sophore (Hamilton 1822) from rivers of Tripura, India. Fish Technol 52: 140 – 144.
3 Jung MH, Jung SJ, Vinay TN, Nikapitiya C, Kim JO, Lee HJ, Lee J & Oh MJ. 2015. Effects of water temperature on mortality in Megalocytivirus-infected rock bream Oplegnathus fasciatus (Temmincket Schlegel) and development of protective immunity. J Fish Dis 38: 729 – 737.
4 Khanna A, Sharma V, Ellur RK, Shikari AB, Gopala Krishnan S, Singh UD, Prakash G, Sharma TR, Rathour R, Variar M, Prashanthi SK, Nagarajan M, Vinod KK, Bhowmick PK, Singh NK, Prabhu KV, Singh BD & Singh AK. 2015. Development and evaluation of near‐isogenic lines for major blast resistance gene(s) in Basmati rice. Theor Appl Genet (DOI: 10.1007/s00122-015-2502-4)
5 Kumar S, Chandra P, Gupta SK, Chadha NK, Jain KK, Ghughuskur M & Pandey PK. 2015. Effects of dietary anthraquinone extract on growth, metabolic and haemato-immunological responses of Cirrhinus mrigala. Proc Nat Acad Sci India Sect B (DOI: 10.1007/s40011-015-0609-7)
6 Makwana NP, Gupta SK, Srivastava SK & Krishna G. 2015. Cryopreservation of rainbow trout spermatozoa (Onchorhynchus mykiss) using different cryodiluents. CryoLetters 36(2): 137-147.
7 Parhi J, Sahoo L, Choudhury J, Choudhury TG, Baruah A, Paniprasad K & Makesh M. 2015. Molecular characterization and expression analysis of interferon γ (IFN-γ) gene in Labeo rohita (Ham.). Aquacult Rep 2: 97–105.
8 Prusty AK, Meena DK, Mohapatra S, Panikkar P, Das P, Gupta SK & Sahu NP. 2015. An appraisal on peril of synthetic pyrethroids (Type II) to freshwater fin fishes: a review. Int Aquat Res (DOI:10.1007/s40071-015-0106-x)
9 Sailaja B, Subrahmanyam D, Neelamraju S, Vishnukiran T, Rao YV, Vijayalakshmi P, Voleti SR, Bhadana VP & Mangrauthia SK. 2015. Integrated physiological, biochemical, and molecular analysis identifies important traits and mechanisms associated with differential response of rice genotypes to elevated temperature. Front Plant Sci 27: 1044 (DOI: 10.3389/fpls.2015.01044)
10 Sharma TR, Das A, Thakur S, Devanna BN, Singh PK, Jain P, Vijayan J & Kumar S. 2015. Oscillating transcriptome during Rice-Magnaporthe interaction. Curr Issues Mol Biol 19: 99 -120.
11 Singh N, Jayaswal PK, Panda K, Mandal P, Kumar V, Singh B, Mishra S, Singh Y, Singh R, Rai V, Gupta A, Sharma TR & Singh NK. 2015. Single-copy gene based 50 K SNP chip for genetic studies and molecular breeding in rice. Scientific Reports 5:11600
12 Singh RK, Singh VK, Raghavendrarao S, Phanindra MLV, Raman KV, Solanke AU, Kumar PA & Sharma TR. 2015. Expression of finger millet EcDehydrin7 in transgenic tobacco confers tolerance to drought stress. Appl Biochem Biotechnol 177(1): 207-216
13 Singh S, Chand S, Singh NK & Sharma TR. 2015. Genome-wide distribution, organisation and functional characterization of disease resistance and defence response genes across rice species. PLoS ONE 10(4): e0125964.
14 Singh WH, Kapila RK, Sharma TR & Rathour R. 2015. Genetic and physical mapping of a new allele of Pik locus from japonica rice ‘Liziangxintuanheigu. Euphytica DOI:10.1007/s10681-015-1437-9
15 Thakur S, Singh PK, Das A, Rathour R, Variar M, Prashanthi SK, Singh AK, Singh UD, Chand D, Singh NK & Sharma TR. 2015. Extensive sequence variation in rice blast resistance gene Pi54 makes it broad spectrum in nature. Front Plant Sci 6-345.
16 Vijayan J, Devanna BN, Singh NK & Sharma TR. 2015. Cloning and functional validation of early inducible Magnaporthe oryzae responsive CYP76M7 promoter from rice. Front Plant Sci 6: 371

2014

SL.NO DETAILS
1 Manhas R, Tripathi P, Khan S, Sethu Lakshmi B, Lal SK, Gowri VS, Sharma A, Madhubala R (2014). Identification and functional characterization of a novel bacterial type Asparagine synthetase A: A tRNA synthetase paralog from Leishmania donovani. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 289:12096-12108.
2 Sinha NK, Mertia RS, Santra P and Raja P (2014). Soil seed bank in rangelands of the indian thar desert under different grazing pressures. The Ecoscan VI:323-328.
3 Sinha NK, Suresh Kumar, Santra P and Raja P and Mertia, Daleep Singh (2014). Temporal growth performance of Indian myrrh (Commiphora wightii) raised by seedlings and cuttings from same genetic stocks in the extremely arid Thar desert of India. The Ecoscan 8(3&4):241-244.
4 Supriya P, Yadav VK, Sindhu AK and Jesudassan V (2014). An e-learning component for agriculture graduates/ post graduates. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 84 (4): 514-516.
5 Yadav VK, Kumar Ashok, Manohar B Dhawad and Supriya P (2014). Training need of tribal farmers regarding seed production, cultivation and value addition in maize. Maize Journal. 3(1&2): 67-70.

2013

SL.NO DETAILS
1 Meena BP, Kumar A, Meena SR, Dhar S, Rana DS and Rana KS (2013). Effect of sources and levels of nutrients on growth and yield behaviour of popcorn (Zea mays) and potato (Solanum tuberosum) sequence. Indian Journal of Agronomy, 58 (4): 474-479
2 Raja P, Bhattacharya BK, Singh N, Sinha NK, Singh JP, Pandey CB, Parihar JS and Roy MM (2013). Surface energy balance and its closure in arid grass land ecosystems: A case study over Thar desert. Journal of Agrometeorology, 15: 94 – 99.
3 Raja P, Bhattacharya BK, Singh N, Sinha NK, Singh JP, Parihar JS and Roy MM (2013). Seasonal radiation and energy fluxes in a desert grassland ecosystem. E-Journal of Applied Forest Ecology, 2: 45-52.
4 Santra P, Mertia RS, Kumwat RN, Sinha NK and Mahla HR (2013). Loss of soil carbon and nitrogen through wind erosion in the Indian Thar desert. Journal of Agricultural Physics, 13(1): 13-21.

2012

SL.NO DETAILS
1 Kumar N, Singh MK and Dohre AK (2012). Rural resource management for sustainability of fuel. Indian Journal of Extension Education, 48(1&2): 21- 26.